From Sitting Peer Sunday

Every week Peers Magazine profiles one of the 92 hereditary peers elected to sit in the House of Lords, charting their work, experience and contributions to the House. Prior to the House of Lords Act 1999, more than 750 hereditary peers from all parties and none had an automatic right to take up their seat.

William Astor, 4th Viscount Astor

William Waldorf Astor III is a Conservative hereditary peer and great-grandson of William Waldorf Astor, the American financier and founder of New York’s Waldorf Hotel, which later became the Waldorf Astoria. Viscount Astor’s family connections also make him a relative of the Prime Minister, David Cameron, as Viscountess Astor is mother to Samantha Cameron by her first…

Nicholas Lowther, 2nd Viscount Ullswater

Lord Ullswater, who sits in the House of Lords as a Conservative, is one of the very few peers to have succeeded their great-grandfather to their title – the 2nd Viscount having succeeded his extraordinarily long-lived ancestor James Lowther, 1st Viscount Ullswater in 1949 at the tender age of seven. The 1st Viscount outlived both…

John Lytton, 5th Earl of Lytton & 18th Baron Wentworth

Lord Lytton is notable for being descended from George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron – better known simply as Lord Byron – via his daughter, the mathematician Ava Lovelace. The connection is one Lord Lytton has very much taken to heart, having contributed to the Newstead Byron Society Review and speaking before the Byron Society…

James Erskine, 14th Earl of Mar

It’s Sitting Peer Sunday and this week we have James Thorne Erskine, 14th Earl of Mar and 16th Earl of Kellie, who sits as a Liberal Democrat. Lord Mar was born on March 10, 1949, and educated at Eton, serving as Page of Honour to the Queen in 1962 and 1963. He proceeded to Moray…

James Borwick, 5th Baron Borwick

Geoffrey Robert James Borwick was born in 1955 and succeeded to the barony following the death of his father, the 4th Baron, in 2007. As such he has never sat in the Lords by hereditary right but was elected to the House by his peers in 2013 following the death of Hugh Mackay, 13th Lord Reay, where he sits as a Conservative. Prior to his entry into the House, Lord Borwick had a long career in business, most notably as chief executive of Manganese Bronze Holdings Plc, which manufactures black cabs, between 1987 and 2001. He was also founder and owner of…

David Cholmondeley, 7th Marquess of Cholmondeley

Since the removal of hereditary peers’ automatic right to sit in the House of Lords, Lord Cholmondeley is the only remaining marquess among the 92 elected hereditary peers. Michael Kerr, 13th Marquess of Lothian, is a sitting peer but only by virtue of a life peerage as Baron Kerr of Monteviot. However, as Lord Great Chamberlain…

David Verney, 21st Baron Willoughby de Broke.

Born on September 14th 1938, the only son of John Verney, 20th Baron Willoughby de Broke. Verney was educated at Le Rosey in Switzerland and at New College, Oxford where he studied modern languages. Verney succeeded to his father’s title in 1986 and was elected to remain in the House of Lords as a Conservative Peer.…

Ivon Moore-Brabazon, 3rd Baron Brabazon of Tara

Lord Brabazon was born on December 20th 1946 and like his father and grandfather before him, attended Harrow School. After leaving school, Lord Brabazon went on to spend time working in the freight industry. After the death of his father, Lord Brabazon took his seat as a Conservative member of the House of Lords and…

Frederick Curzon, 7th Earl Howe

Born in 1951, the son of Royal Navy commander and film director George Curzon. Lord Howe was educated at Rugby School and Christ church, Oxford, where he graduated with a degree in Literae Humaniores, winning the Chancellor’s prize for Latin verse in 1973. After Oxford, Howe joined Barclays Bank and served in a number of…

David Douglas-Home, 15th Earl of Home

Lord Home is the only son of former prime minister Sir Alec Douglas-Home, who was notable for being the last PM to serve from the House of Lords, albeit only for four days before disclaiming his peerage.The 15th Earl was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Cambridge, before embarking on a career in business, sitting as…

Arthur Connolly-Gore, 9th Earl of Arran

It’s the last Sitting Peer Sunday of 2013 and this week we have Arthur Colum Michael Connolly-Gore, 9th Earl of Arran, of the Arran Islands in the County of Galway. Born Viscount Sudley in 1938, Lord Arran was educated at Eton and Balliol College, Oxford, before joining the Grenadier Guards, where he attained the rank of…

Margaret Mar, 31st Countess of Mar

Lady Mar is a crossbench peer elected as one of the 92 hereditary peers to remain in the House as a deputy speaker in 1999. She is also the holder of the oldest peerage in the United Kingdom; the Earldom of Mar, or Mormaer, which was first created some time in the 12th Century. Born…

William Peel, 3rd Earl Peel

Lord Peel is a crossbench peer and has been Lord Chamberlain of the Royal Household since 2006, meaning he organises all Court functions. He is also a great-great grandson of former Conservative prime minister Sir Robert Peel. Educated at Ampleforth College near the family seat of Eelmire House, Ripon, North Yorkshire, he later studied at…

Merlin Hay, 24th Earl of Erroll

Holding an earldom created in 1453, the year the Eastern Roman Empire fell to the Ottoman Turks, Lord Erroll also holds of the subsidiary titles of Lord Hay and Lord Slains. He is also Lord High Constable of Scotland and Chief of Clan Hay. Following an education at both Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge,…

John Rea, 3rd Baron Rea

Lord Rea sits as a Labour peer having succeeded to the barony in 1981, aged 53, following the death of his uncle. Spending his childhood in both Britain and the United States, he attended Christ’s College, Cambridge, where he graduated with a MA in natural sciences. He later became a Doctor of Medicine in 1969.…

Benjamin Mancroft, 3rd Baron Mancroft

Lord Mancroft is a Conservative peer and succeeded to the barony in 1987, aged 30, following the death of his father. Educated at Eton, he has decades of experience in both business and voluntary organisations. Chairman of Inter Lotto since 1995, Mancroft was chairman of Scratch-n-Win Lotteries from 1995-98 and is non-executive director of St…

Richard McMoran Wilson, 2nd Baron Moran

Lord Moran sits on the cross-benches and succeeded his father (better known as Churchill’s wartime personal physician) in 1977. He was born on 22 September, 1924. Educated at Eton, he served in the Royal Navy during the Second World War, serving on the Lower Deck before attaining commissioned rank as an officer in Royal Naval Volunteer…

Colonel John Slim, 2nd Viscount Slim

Viscount Slim was born in 1927 as the only son of war hero Field Marshall William Slim, who was ennobled as the 1st Viscount in 1960 after serving as Governor-General of Australia from 1953-59. It was during his father’s service in India that Lord Slim was born. He was educated at Prince of Wales Royal Indian…

Matthew Ridley, 5th Viscount Ridley

Matthew Ridley, 5th Viscount Ridley, is a journalist and scientist who is known primarily for his libertarianism, his views on climate change, and for being chairman of Northern Rock during the first run on a bank in 150 years. He was born in Northumberland in 1958 and completed BA and DPhil degrees at Magdalene College,…

John Montagu, 11th Earl of Sandwich

Born in 1943, the eldest son of Victor Montagu, who disclaimed the earldom of Sandwich in 1964, and his first wife Maud Rosemary (née Peto). He succeeded his father in the earldom in 1995. He sits in The House of Lords as a crossbencher and speaks mainly on international development and asylum issues. Perhaps the most…

James Graham, 8th Duke of Montrose

Born in 1935, His Grace was known as Earl of Kincardine until 1954 and Marquess of Graham between 1954 and 1992. He is a Southern Rhodesia-born hereditary peer of the Peerage of Scotland and a British Conservative Party politician. The Duke, who is also Chief of the Clan Graham, took his seat in the House…

Edward Douglas-Scott-Montagu, 3rd Baron Montagu of Beaulieu

Lord Montagu is a Conservative peer who was born in 1926 and became the 3rd Baron at the age of just two in 1929, when his father was killed in an accident. He took up his seat as soon as he was old enough, in 1947. He is perhaps best known for his conviction and imprisonment…

John Attlee, 3rd Earl Attlee

John Attlee, 3rd Earl Attlee, is the grandson of heavyweight Labour Prime Minister and 1st Earl Clement Attlee but, unlike the 1st and 2nd Earls, sits in the House of Lords as a Conservative. Born in in 1956, Lord Attlee was styled with the courtesy title Viscount Prestwood from 1967 until his father’s death in…

Eric Lubbock, 4th Baron Avebury

After a stint in the Welsh Guards, and as a engineer for Rolls Royce, Lord Avebury entered Parliament as MP for Orpington. With a 22% victory swing, the then Eric Lubbock set about what was seen as a political revival for the Liberal Party. Though he lost his seat in 1970, Lubbock soon gained the title…

Thomas Galbraith, 2nd Baron Strathclyde

Thomas Galloway Dunlop du Roy de Blicquy Galbraith was born in Glasgow in 1960 to Unionist MP Sir Tam Galbraith and his Belgian wife Baroness Simone du Roy de Blicquy. Sir Tam died in 1982 and Lord Strathclyde subsequently inherited the barony from his grandfather, a minister under the Secretary of State for Scotland, in 1985.…