Marquess & Marchioness

A marquesal coronet has four strawberry leaves and four pearls, slightly raised on points above the rim. In the British peerage, a marquess ranks above barons, viscounts and earls but below a duke.

The title itself originates from the medieval ‘marcher lords’ – trusted nobles appointed by the king of England to guard lands forming the borders of the realm. This is most evident in the female title ‘marchioness’, while the European titles ‘margrave’ and ‘marquis’ have similar origins.

Marquis is sometimes used in English instead of marquess but is generally used only to refer to foreign holders of the rank.

Ironically, no marcher lords were ever marquesses, though many were earls. William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, commented in 1838 that this was because ‘baron’ and ‘duke’ were the only truly English titles in the peerage and that the marquessate arrived from the Continent much later – quipping people were only made ‘mere’ marquesses when it was not wished that they should be dukes.

The title was first created in 1385 as the life peerage Marquess of Dublin for Robert de Vere, 9th Earl of Oxford. A year later, Oxford was also made Duke of Ireland for life. Both were later forfeit. A marquessate was first conferred as a hereditary peerage in 1397 for John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset, who was made both Marquess of Dorset and Marquess of Somerset.

However, in 1399, Somerset was deprived of his marquesal titles following the deposition of Richard II by Henry of Bolingbroke – later crowned Henry IV. Despite this setback, his eldest son John was made 1st Duke of Somerset while his third son Edmund became 1st Marquess of Dorset and, later, 2nd Duke. As probably the most powerful nobleman in England from 1451, Somerset became the principal target for Richard, Duke of York, and was killed in the opening battle of the Wars of the Roses in 1455.

The oldest extant marquessate is held by Nigel Paulet, 18th Marquess of Winchester, who presently lives in South Africa. The title was created for his ancestor William Paulet, Earl of Wiltshire and Baron St John of Basing, in 1551. Winchester was Lord High Treasurer from 1550 which, together with his comital and marquessal titles, came from successfully supporting the Earl of Warwick against the Duke of Somerset in the minority of King Edward VI. He was said to ‘rule’ the King’s court with the Duke of Northumberland and maintained his titles and positions under the subsequent reigns of the Mary I and Elizabeth I until his death in 1572 – even becoming Speaker of the House of Lords twice, well past his 70th birthday.

His survival may have come from a lack of religious and moral scruples, however, as he changed his religion no less than four times. Initially a Catholic, he converted to Anglicanism following Henry VIII’s break with Rome before becoming an evangelical, persecuting Catholic and Anglican alike, under Edward VI, only to reconvert to Catholicism under Mary and persecute all Protestants, before returning to moderate Anglicanism under Elizabeth. Indeed, he attributed his progress and survival to being ‘a willow not an oak’.

The last time a marquessate was created was in 1936, for Major Freeman Freeman-Thomas, 1st Marquess of Willingdon – a Liberal politician who had served as Governor General of Canada and Viceroy of India. He was succeeded by his son Inigo in 1941 though, as he died without issue, the title became extinct in 1979. The most recent extant marquessate is held by Simon Rufus Isaacs, 4th Marquess of Reading, a banker and philanthropist. His great-grandfather Rufus Daniel Isaacs was raised to the marquessate in 1926. A barrister and Viceroy of India, he could claim to be both the first practicing Jew to be appointed to the Cabinet and the last Liberal to serve as foreign secretary.

Perhaps the two most well-known marquesses, however, are eccentric Liberal Democrat Alexander George Thynn, 7th Marquess of Bath, and Conservative Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury – both of whose titles were created in 1785. Salisbury was a titan of the Conservative party and is widely credited with its revival in, and subsequent domination of, the twentieth century. As well as being the first Prime Minister of the century, he was also the last to conduct his full administration from the House of Lords (Alec Douglas-Home was still the 14th Earl of Home four days into his premiership before renouncing his title).

The family have retained their stature in the party and the 7th Marquess was leader of the House of Lords under his courtesy title, Viscount Cranborne, from 1994-97. He had been able to take his seat in the House of Lords before the death of the 6th Marquess via a writ of acceleration in 1992, in which Prime Minister John Major summoned him to Parliament as Baron Cecil of Essendon – his father’s most junior dignity. He is principally remembered for negotiating the deal, behind Conservative leader William Hague’s back, to accept Labour’s House of Lords Bill on the provision 90 hereditary peers were retained via election when the Act expelled hereditaries from the House. Hague found out about the deal only after being told by Tony Blair and promptly sacked Cranborne as Lords Opposition leader. As a former Leader of the House, Cranborne was given the life peerage Baron Gascoyne-Cecil and was active on the backbenches until taking a leave of absence in 2001. He succeeded to the marquessate in 2003.

Lord Bath lost his seat in the House of Lords following the 1999 Act. He first entered as a Liberal Democrat in 1992 following the death of his father, the 6th Marquess, where he was an advocate of regional devolution – though this preceded his entry into Parliament. With a large family seat in Wiltshire, the young Viscount Weymouth came to believe in the need for a devolved Wessex legislature and stood as a Wessex Regionalist in the February 1974 General Election. He later became a founder member of the Wessex Regionalist Party, which he stood for in the first European Parliament elections in 1979.

A colourful dresser, Bath picked up his penchant for loud shirts and waistcoats as an art student in Paris in the 1950s and is a prolific erotic painter, as well as the writer of several novels. Never a conventional man, he claims to have had sexual relations with more than 70 women during his marriage to Hungarian-born Anna Gael Gyarmathy, many of whom live in cottages on his estate as ‘wifelets’. He has an estimated wealth of £157,000,000 and was president of the Bullingdon Club while at Christ Church College, Oxford. His heir, Ceawlin (a Wessex name pronounced See-aw-lin), Viscount Weymouth, told the Daily Telegraph he is a supporter of David Cameron with political ambitions and has recently taken over the running of the family business.


  1. Pingback: guitar picks
  2. Pingback: dui attorney
  3. Pingback: cat boarding
  4. Pingback: silk eye mask
  5. Pingback: banheira
  6. Pingback: melbourne
  7. Pingback: webcam porno
  8. Pingback: tacfit commando
  9. Pingback: Pet Shipper
  10. Pingback: guitar picks
  11. Pingback: official source
  12. Pingback: private proxies
  13. Pingback: quinoa recipes
  14. Pingback: car Rental Poland
  15. Pingback: Diabetes Destroyer
  16. Pingback: Pup
  17. Pingback: Gym Shorts
  18. Pingback: Miles Omer
  19. Pingback: dry herb vape pen
  20. Pingback: online cammen
  21. Pingback: guitar picks
  22. Pingback: guitar picks
  23. Pingback: groupon
  24. Pingback:
  25. Pingback: best deals online
  26. Pingback: t-shirt for sale
  27. Pingback: tophatter
  28. Pingback: porno
  29. Pingback: esta
  30. Pingback: additional info
  31. Pingback: Isidra
  32. Pingback: Kieth Buss
  33. Pingback: Bonuses
  34. Pingback: ecograf 4D
  35. Pingback: zubin medora
  36. Pingback: movie2k
  37. Pingback: bikiniluxe reviews
  38. Pingback: ramalan zodiak
  39. Pingback: playpen for dogs
  40. Pingback: Seo
  41. Pingback: kindle book sales
  42. Pingback: ebay 888 coupons
  43. Pingback: Escort
  44. Pingback: Read More Here
  45. Pingback: at here
  46. Pingback: this website
  47. Pingback: royalclub
  48. Pingback: sacred 3 trainer
  49. Pingback: this
  50. Pingback: bidding
  51. Pingback: history of name
  52. Pingback: eyebrow hairs
  53. Pingback: click here
  54. Pingback: see it here
  55. Pingback: movietube
  56. Pingback: Oneida
  57. Pingback: tenerife blog
  58. Pingback: stlpiky
  59. Pingback: Ezequiel Tablang
  60. Pingback: boom beach hacks
  61. Pingback: movietube
  62. Pingback: Simple Drawing
  63. Pingback: antispam e.v.
  64. Pingback: 4K
  65. Pingback: Reiko
  66. Pingback: info
  67. Pingback: News Magazine
  68. Pingback: free porn
  69. Pingback: roast pan
  70. Pingback: personal trainer
  71. Pingback: Scotts lawn
  72. Pingback: porno
  73. Pingback: he said
  74. Pingback: spiritual coach
  75. Pingback: Full Article
  76. Pingback: jet stupid
  77. Pingback: essentialemeril
  78. Pingback: escorts
  79. Pingback: app development
  80. Pingback: sleep aid
  81. Pingback: edarling
  82. Pingback: teenporntgp
  83. Pingback: NBA Live Stream
  84. Pingback: Clicking Here
  85. Pingback:
  86. Pingback: printingvip
  87. Pingback: blaty drewniane
  88. Pingback: kant�wka dlh
  89. Pingback: crossfit vancouver
  90. Pingback: success quotes
  91. Pingback: mens shirts
  92. Pingback: spam king
  93. Pingback: MTS
  94. Pingback: search
  95. Pingback: Education Websites
  96. Pingback: porno
  97. Pingback: Kamagra
  98. Pingback: cisco
  99. Pingback: Fetish Porn
  100. Pingback: Teen XXX Porn
  101. Pingback: Free Amateur Porn
  102. Pingback: Shemale Porn
  103. Pingback: Sophie Dee Porn
  104. Pingback: Gay Porn
  105. Pingback: Amateur Porn
  106. Pingback: Cam Porn
  107. Pingback: Brandi Love Porn
  108. Pingback: Mia Khalifa XXX
  109. Pingback: Reality Kings Porn
  110. Pingback: Jayden Jaymes Porn
  111. Pingback: Bowling Store
  112. Pingback: Bowling Balls
  113. Pingback: Golf Balls
  114. Pingback: Viagra
  115. Pingback: free porn videos
  116. Pingback: Eugenie
  117. Pingback: Detroit SEO
  118. Pingback: Susanne
  119. Pingback: Surrey Limo
  120. Pingback: food singapore
  121. Pingback: Deeanna
  122. Pingback: lose weight
  123. Pingback: see this
  124. Pingback: RRB Result 2016
  125. Pingback:
  126. Pingback: coin dealer
  127. Pingback: Visto EB5EUA
  128. Pingback: acheter des likes
  129. Pingback: tech reviews
  130. Pingback: FOSCARINI LIGHT
  131. Pingback: grammar check
  132. Pingback: laser tools
  133. Pingback: PC Disposal
  134. Pingback: IT Recycling
  135. Pingback: adult shop
  136. Pingback: recycling computer
  137. Pingback: hack msp
  138. Pingback: spam
  139. Pingback: Audrea
  140. Pingback: saleforiphone
  141. Pingback: Derrick
  142. Pingback: Opciones Binarias
  143. Pingback: click here
  144. Pingback: seo price list
  145. Pingback: memory workshop
  146. Pingback: MORE INFORMATION
  147. Pingback: goods-B
  148. Pingback: webpage
  149. Pingback: brainsmart ultra
  150. Pingback: Diabetes Destroyer
  151. Pingback: sabit kanca 2 izle
  152. Pingback: martial arts
  153. Pingback: cheap viagra ohio
  154. Pingback: Atasehir Escort
  155. Pingback: Scotty
  156. Pingback: canada goose
  157. Pingback: Lucky Taxi Boston
  158. Pingback: best tampa spa
  159. Pingback: skin dermis
  160. Pingback: look at these guys
  161. Pingback: there
  162. Pingback: sprawdzenie vin
  163. Pingback: porno
  164. Pingback: Opciones binarias
  165. Pingback: blackhat
  166. Pingback: guillaume guersan
  167. Pingback: Clit
  168. Pingback: Like It
  169. Pingback: click now
  170. Pingback: on the main page
  171. Pingback: one-time offer
  172. Pingback: Boolberry
  173. Pingback: Internet
  174. Pingback: a knockout post
  175. Pingback: teh oolong
  176. Pingback: read moreÂ…
  177. Pingback: view
  178. Pingback: Porno
  179. Pingback: Valorie
  180. Pingback: malware
  181. Pingback: Valeri
  182. Pingback: Pawswatch
  183. Pingback: atasehir escort
  184. Pingback: infection
  185. Pingback: auto
  186. Pingback: conspiracy talk
  187. Pingback: Kamagra oral jelly
  188. Pingback: Viagra cena
  189. Pingback: he said
  190. Pingback: Viagra
  191. Pingback: Viagra bez recepty
  192. Pingback: Viagra sklep
  193. Pingback: angry birds online
  194. Pingback: sanatate frumusete
  195. Pingback: hcg drops
  196. Pingback: The Lost Ways
  197. Pingback: cheap cowboy boots
  198. Pingback: NIKE NFL JERSEYS
  199. Pingback: stolen motorcycle
  200. Pingback: temple run 2
  201. Pingback: interior design
  202. Pingback: Viagra cena
  203. Pingback: Viagra bez recepty
  204. Pingback: bikegames
  205. Pingback: Naomi
  206. Pingback: shooting games
  207. Pingback: gordonia-men
  208. Pingback: Rayqvon Warren
  209. Pingback: Rayqvon Warren
  210. Pingback: Pam Preston Mize
  211. Pingback: Pam Preston Mize
  212. Pingback: Pam Preston Mize
  213. Pingback: Guillermina
  214. Pingback: Pam Preston Mize
  215. Pingback: Dillon Bostwick
  216. Pingback: HIFU
  217. Pingback: Dr. Maria Karpov
  218. Pingback: dressup game
  219. Pingback: carpet cleaning
  220. Pingback: Chante
  221. Pingback: izmir escort
  222. Pingback: istanbul escort
  223. Pingback: LB070WV3.SD02
  224. Pingback: Leicester escort
  225. Pingback: Fragrance-Rare
  226. Pingback: epoxy resin
  227. Pingback: malware
  228. Pingback: epoxy stickers
  229. Pingback: Epoxide hydrase
  230. Pingback: best seo
  231. Pingback: glitter bomb card
  232. Pingback: info scuba diving
  233. Pingback: great post to read
  234. Pingback: cash surveys
  235. Pingback: podnosniki
  236. Pingback: Ebony
  237. Pingback: Dillon Bostwick
  238. Pingback: jio play star plus
  239. Pingback: Foundation Repair
  240. Pingback: psicologa
  241. Pingback: fast payday loans
  242. Pingback: branded kitchen
  243. Pingback: click for more
  244. Pingback: stafaband
  245. Pingback: continue reading
  246. Pingback: continue reading
  247. Pingback: Get More Info
  248. Pingback: paypal
  249. Pingback: virus
  250. Pingback: Full Movies
  251. Pingback: visit web
  252. Pingback: Saldo Sodexo
  253. Pingback: Richard Warke
  254. Pingback: ohio dentists
  255. Pingback: jdm engine
  256. Pingback: Lesia
  257. Pingback: putritoto
  258. Pingback: Porno
  259. Pingback: judi
  260. Pingback: open the website
  261. Pingback: situs poker
  262. Pingback: daily travel deals
  263. Pingback: Jinia
  264. Pingback: situs poker
  265. Pingback: link
  266. Pingback: Nelly
  267. Pingback: TAS GUCCI
  268. Pingback: porn videos
  269. Pingback: DnD dice
  270. Pingback: larnaca taxis
  271. Pingback: pokemonGo
  272. Pingback: House Leveling
  273. Pingback: immobilier algerie
  274. Pingback: mp3 songs
  275. Pingback: sukanto tanoto
  276. Pingback: lowest prices
  277. Pingback: marker
  278. Pingback: extrato fgts
  279. Pingback: boost seo packages
  280. Pingback: Emerita Stine
  281. Pingback: payday loan
  282. Pingback: work from home
  283. Pingback: read article
  284. Pingback: area 51 aliens
  285. Pingback:
  286. Pingback: zabawki kreatywne
  287. Pingback: kawy mielone
  288. Pingback: 65 inch 4ktv
  289. Pingback: tenerife property
  290. Pingback: Tiera
  291. Pingback: parali poker
  292. Pingback: seo abbotsford
  293. Pingback: AB 508 Training
  294. Pingback: vps hosting linux
  295. Pingback: vps hosting plan
  296. Pingback: www
  297. Pingback: Tamatha
  298. Pingback: armstrong
  299. Pingback: poker online
  300. Pingback: free poker trial
  301. Pingback: email check online
  302. Pingback: email check
  303. Pingback: showbox
  304. Pingback: showbox
  305. Pingback: whois ip address
  306. Pingback: ip address check
  307. Pingback: Fatimah
  308. Pingback: Paula
  309. Pingback: Teknik
  310. Pingback: GayRomeo
  311. Pingback: machu picchu tours
  312. Pingback: exhibition stands
  313. Pingback: Dr. Dębski
  314. Pingback: phen375
  315. Pingback: CDL permit
  316. Pingback: Ahh Smile
  317. Pingback: Dentist Laredo, TX
  318. Pingback:
  319. Pingback: warming eyes mask
  320. Pingback: green screen booth
  321. Pingback: Memes
  322. Pingback: uniforms
  323. Pingback: buy ig likes
  324. Pingback: vegan cheese
  325. Pingback: Custom Computers
  326. Pingback: JAV
  327. Pingback: Adipex order
  328. Pingback: Executive
  329. Pingback: online
  330. Pingback: buy facebook likes
  331. Pingback: teleteria casino
  332. Pingback: loan sharks
  333. Pingback: loan sharks
  334. Pingback: Narrow Aisle
  335. Pingback: Foot Doctor Queens
  336. Pingback: Shisha in Dubai
  337. Pingback: Moneymailme
  338. Pingback: Rousselle
  339. Pingback: Twat
  340. Pingback: Lower back pain
  341. Pingback: dome event hire
  342. Pingback: BRANDING
  343. Pingback: Traveling notary
  344. Pingback: fajas salome
  345. Pingback: budtender school
  346. Pingback: Search Engine
  347. Pingback: Kamagra 100
  348. Pingback: Viagra
  349. Pingback: judi casino online
  350. Pingback: Judi bola
  351. Pingback: Kamagra tabletki
  352. Pingback: see us now
  353. Pingback: Wank
  354. Pingback: Submissive
  355. Pingback: Garcinia cambogia
  356. Pingback: massage therapist
  357. Pingback: ​دانلود
  358. Pingback: Scelta Windows
  359. Pingback: swtor credits
  360. Pingback: wow gold
  361. Pingback:
  362. Pingback:
  363. Pingback:
  364. Pingback:
  365. Pingback:
  366. Pingback: domek24
  367. Pingback: swtor credits
  368. Pingback: scavenger hunt
  369. Pingback: Masters 2017
  370. Pingback: Arrosticini
  371. Pingback: scalper stark pro
  372. Pingback: Tour of Norway
  373. Pingback: puppy kindergarten
  374. Pingback: dick
  375. Pingback: coconut oil
  376. Pingback: plumber
  377. Pingback: Kamagra opinie
  378. Pingback: dream world
  379. Pingback: Viagra sklep
  380. Pingback: io games
  381. Pingback: Go Emoji Down
  382. Pingback: incontri piccanti
  383. Pingback: potencja
  384. Pingback: Viagra
  385. Pingback: Kamagra
  386. Pingback: online slots
  387. Pingback: Kamagra
  388. Pingback: zenphorol
  389. Pingback: Pan lid
  390. Pingback: obat kuat
  391. Pingback: Free shipping
  392. Pingback: Cosmetic dentist
  393. Pingback: 3 week diet review
  394. Pingback: erotic
  395. Pingback: Rekvalifikace
  396. Pingback: Nigeria free ads
  397. Pingback: RankCipher Review
  398. Pingback: Movie Download
  399. Pingback: sex to lose weight
  400. Pingback: lawn bowls
  401. Pingback: Led koplampen
  402. Pingback: Kamagra
  403. Pingback: Mothers Day 2017
  404. Pingback: plumbers Melbourne
  405. Pingback: move clean
  406. Pingback: online gambling
  407. Pingback: Agen Judi
  408. Pingback: Viagra
  409. Pingback: forum tenerife
  410. Pingback: porno casalinghe
  411. Pingback: motuandpatlugames
  412. Pingback: property for rent
  413. Pingback: turkey mouth calls
  414. Pingback: Waist beads
  415. Pingback: katte sygdom
  416. Pingback: motuandpatlugames
  417. Pingback: klick here
  418. Pingback: porno casalinghe
  419. Pingback: Eurokastenwagen
  420. Pingback: Realtors in weston
  421. Pingback: great post to read
  422. Pingback: billig trampolin
  423. Pingback: ducted heating
  424. Pingback: gambling
  425. Pingback: Medigap Plans 2018
  426. Pingback: technology

Comments are closed.